Module java.base
Package java.util.spi

Interface ResourceBundleProvider

All Known Implementing Classes:

public interface ResourceBundleProvider
ResourceBundleProvider is a service provider interface for resource bundles. It is used by ResourceBundle.getBundle factory methods to locate and load the service providers that are deployed as modules via ServiceLoader.

Developing resource bundle services

A service for a resource bundle of a given baseName must have a fully-qualified class name of the form:
<package of baseName> + ".spi." + <simple name of baseName> + "Provider"
The service type is in a spi subpackage as it may be packaged in a module separate from the resource bundle providers. For example, the service for a resource bundle named must be
 public interface MyResourcesProvider extends ResourceBundleProvider {

Deploying resource bundle service providers

Resource bundles can be deployed in one or more service providers in modules. For example, a provider for a service named "" has the following implementation class:
 class MyResourcesProviderImpl extends AbstractResourceBundleProvider
     implements MyResourcesProvider
     public MyResourcesProviderImpl() {
     // this provider maps the resource bundle to per-language package
     protected String toBundleName(String baseName, Locale locale) {
         return "p." + locale.getLanguage() + "." + baseName;

     public ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName, Locale locale) {
         // this module only provides bundles in French
         if (locale.equals(Locale.FRENCH)) {
              return super.getBundle(baseName, locale);
         // otherwise return null
         return null;
This example provides "" resource bundle of the French locale. Traditionally resource bundles of all locales are packaged in the same package as the resource bundle base name. When deploying resource bundles in more than one modules and two modules containing a package of the same name, split package, is not supported, resource bundles in each module can be packaged in a different package as shown in this example where this provider packages the resource bundles in per-language package, i.e. for French locale.

A provider can provide more than one services, each of which is a service for a resource bundle of a different base name.

AbstractResourceBundleProvider provides the basic implementation for ResourceBundleProvider and a subclass can override the toBundleName method to return a provider-specific location of the resource to be loaded, for example, per-language package. A provider can override ResourceBundleProvider.getBundle method for example to only search the known supported locales or return resource bundles in other formats such as XML.

The module declaration of this provider module specifies the following directive:

     provides with com.example.impl.MyResourcesProviderImpl;

Obtaining resource bundles from providers

The module declaration of the consumer module that calls one of the ResourceBundle.getBundle factory methods to obtain a resource bundle from service providers must specify the following directive:
ResourceBundle.getBundle("", locale) locates and loads the providers for service and then invokes ResourceBundleProvider.getBundle("", locale) to find the resource bundle of the given base name and locale. If the consumer module is a resource bundle service provider for, ResourceBundle.getBundle will locate resource bundles only from service providers. Otherwise, ResourceBundle.getBundle may continue the search of the resource bundle in other modules and class path per the specification of the ResourceBundle.getBundle method being called.
See Also:
AbstractResourceBundleProvider, Resource Bundles and Named Modules, ServiceLoader
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    ResourceBundle getBundle​(String baseName, Locale locale)
    Returns a ResourceBundle for the given bundle name and locale.
  • Method Details

    • getBundle

      ResourceBundle getBundle​(String baseName, Locale locale)
      Returns a ResourceBundle for the given bundle name and locale. This method returns null if there is no ResourceBundle found for the given parameters.
      baseName - the base bundle name of the resource bundle, a fully qualified class name
      locale - the locale for which the resource bundle should be loaded
      the ResourceBundle created for the given parameters, or null if no ResourceBundle for the given parameters is found