Class CardTerminals

java.lang.Object
javax.smartcardio.CardTerminals

public abstract class CardTerminals
extends Object
The set of terminals supported by a TerminalFactory. This class allows applications to enumerate the available CardTerminals, obtain a specific CardTerminal, or wait for the insertion or removal of cards.

This class is multi-threading safe and can be used by multiple threads concurrently. However, this object keeps track of the card presence state of each of its terminals. Multiple objects should be used if independent calls to waitForChange() are required.

Applications can obtain instances of this class by calling TerminalFactory.terminals().

Since:
1.6
See Also:
TerminalFactory, CardTerminal
  • Nested Class Summary

    Nested Classes
    Modifier and Type Class Description
    static class  CardTerminals.State
    Enumeration of attributes of a CardTerminal.
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Modifier Constructor Description
    protected CardTerminals()
    Constructs a new CardTerminals object.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    CardTerminal getTerminal​(String name)
    Returns the terminal with the specified name or null if no such terminal exists.
    List<CardTerminal> list()
    Returns an unmodifiable list of all available terminals.
    abstract List<CardTerminal> list​(CardTerminals.State state)
    Returns an unmodifiable list of all terminals matching the specified state.
    void waitForChange()
    Waits for card insertion or removal in any of the terminals of this object.
    abstract boolean waitForChange​(long timeout)
    Waits for card insertion or removal in any of the terminals of this object or until the timeout expires.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
  • Constructor Details

    • CardTerminals

      protected CardTerminals()
      Constructs a new CardTerminals object.

      This constructor is called by subclasses only. Application should call TerminalFactory.terminals() to obtain a CardTerminals object.

  • Method Details

    • list

      public List<CardTerminal> list() throws CardException
      Returns an unmodifiable list of all available terminals.
      Returns:
      an unmodifiable list of all available terminals.
      Throws:
      CardException - if the card operation failed
    • list

      public abstract List<CardTerminal> list​(CardTerminals.State state) throws CardException
      Returns an unmodifiable list of all terminals matching the specified state.

      If state is State.ALL, this method returns all CardTerminals encapsulated by this object. If state is State.CARD_PRESENT or State.CARD_ABSENT, it returns all CardTerminals where a card is currently present or absent, respectively.

      If state is State.CARD_INSERTION or State.CARD_REMOVAL, it returns all CardTerminals for which an insertion (or removal, respectively) was detected during the last call to waitForChange(). If waitForChange() has not been called on this object, CARD_INSERTION is equivalent to CARD_PRESENT and CARD_REMOVAL is equivalent to CARD_ABSENT. For an example of the use of CARD_INSERTION, see waitForChange().

      Parameters:
      state - the State
      Returns:
      an unmodifiable list of all terminals matching the specified state.
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if state is null
      CardException - if the card operation failed
    • getTerminal

      public CardTerminal getTerminal​(String name)
      Returns the terminal with the specified name or null if no such terminal exists.
      Parameters:
      name - the terminal name
      Returns:
      the terminal with the specified name or null if no such terminal exists.
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if name is null
    • waitForChange

      public void waitForChange() throws CardException
      Waits for card insertion or removal in any of the terminals of this object.

      This call is equivalent to calling waitForChange(0).

      Throws:
      IllegalStateException - if this CardTerminals object does not contain any terminals
      CardException - if the card operation failed
    • waitForChange

      public abstract boolean waitForChange​(long timeout) throws CardException
      Waits for card insertion or removal in any of the terminals of this object or until the timeout expires.

      This method examines each CardTerminal of this object. If a card was inserted into or removed from a CardTerminal since the previous call to waitForChange(), it returns immediately. Otherwise, or if this is the first call to waitForChange() on this object, it blocks until a card is inserted into or removed from a CardTerminal.

      If timeout is greater than 0, the method returns after timeout milliseconds even if there is no change in state. In that case, this method returns false; otherwise it returns true.

      This method is often used in a loop in combination with list(State.CARD_INSERTION), for example:

        TerminalFactory factory = ...;
        CardTerminals terminals = factory.terminals();
        while (true) {
            for (CardTerminal terminal : terminals.list(CARD_INSERTION)) {
                // examine Card in terminal, return if it matches
            }
            terminals.waitForChange();
        }
      Parameters:
      timeout - if positive, block for up to timeout milliseconds; if zero, block indefinitely; must not be negative
      Returns:
      false if the method returns due to an expired timeout, true otherwise.
      Throws:
      IllegalStateException - if this CardTerminals object does not contain any terminals
      IllegalArgumentException - if timeout is negative
      CardException - if the card operation failed