Class Krb5LoginModule

java.lang.Object
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule
All Implemented Interfaces:
LoginModule

public class Krb5LoginModule
extends Object
implements LoginModule
This LoginModule authenticates users using Kerberos protocols.

The configuration entry for Krb5LoginModule has several options that control the authentication process and additions to the Subject's private credential set. Irrespective of these options, the Subject's principal set and private credentials set are updated only when commit is called. When commit is called, the KerberosPrincipal is added to the Subject's principal set (unless the principal is specified as "*"). If isInitiator is true, the KerberosTicket is added to the Subject's private credentials.

If the configuration entry for KerberosLoginModule has the option storeKey set to true, then KerberosKey or KeyTab will also be added to the subject's private credentials. KerberosKey, the principal's key(s) will be derived from user's password, and KeyTab is the keytab used when useKeyTab is set to true. The KeyTab object is restricted to be used by the specified principal unless the principal value is "*".

This LoginModule recognizes the doNotPrompt option. If set to true the user will not be prompted for the password.

The user can specify the location of the ticket cache by using the option ticketCache in the configuration entry.

The user can specify the keytab location by using the option keyTab in the configuration entry.

The principal name can be specified in the configuration entry by using the option principal. The principal name can either be a simple user name, a service name such as host/mission.eng.sun.com, or "*". The principal can also be set using the system property sun.security.krb5.principal. This property is checked during login. If this property is not set, then the principal name from the configuration is used. In the case where the principal property is not set and the principal entry also does not exist, the user is prompted for the name. When this property of entry is set, and useTicketCache is set to true, only TGT belonging to this principal is used.

The following is a list of configuration options supported for Krb5LoginModule:

refreshKrb5Config:
Set this to true, if you want the configuration to be refreshed before the login method is called.
useTicketCache:
Set this to true, if you want the TGT to be obtained from the ticket cache. Set this option to false if you do not want this module to use the ticket cache. (Default is False). This module will search for the ticket cache in the following locations: On Linux it will look for the ticket cache in /tmp/krb5cc_uid where the uid is numeric user identifier. If the ticket cache is not available in the above location, or if we are on a Windows platform, it will look for the cache as {user.home}{file.separator}krb5cc_{user.name}. You can override the ticket cache location by using ticketCache. For Windows, if a ticket cannot be retrieved from the file ticket cache, it will use Local Security Authority (LSA) API to get the TGT.
ticketCache:
Set this to the name of the ticket cache that contains user's TGT. If this is set, useTicketCache must also be set to true; Otherwise a configuration error will be returned.
renewTGT:
Set this to true, if you want to renew the TGT when it's more than half-way expired (the time until expiration is less than the time since start time). If this is set, useTicketCache must also be set to true; otherwise a configuration error will be returned.
doNotPrompt:
Set this to true if you do not want to be prompted for the password if credentials can not be obtained from the cache, the keytab, or through shared state.(Default is false) If set to true, credential must be obtained through cache, keytab, or shared state. Otherwise, authentication will fail.
useKeyTab:
Set this to true if you want the module to get the principal's key from the the keytab.(default value is False) If keytab is not set then the module will locate the keytab from the Kerberos configuration file. If it is not specified in the Kerberos configuration file then it will look for the file {user.home}{file.separator}krb5.keytab.
keyTab:
Set this to the file name of the keytab to get principal's secret key.
storeKey:
Set this to true to if you want the keytab or the principal's key to be stored in the Subject's private credentials. For isInitiator being false, if principal is "*", the KeyTab stored can be used by anyone, otherwise, it's restricted to be used by the specified principal only.
principal:
The name of the principal that should be used. The principal can be a simple username such as "testuser" or a service name such as "host/testhost.eng.sun.com". You can use the principal option to set the principal when there are credentials for multiple principals in the keyTab or when you want a specific ticket cache only. The principal can also be set using the system property sun.security.krb5.principal. In addition, if this system property is defined, then it will be used. If this property is not set, then the principal name from the configuration will be used. The principal name can be set to "*" when isInitiator is false. In this case, the acceptor is not bound to a single principal. It can act as any principal an initiator requests if keys for that principal can be found. When isInitiator is true, the principal name cannot be set to "*".
isInitiator:
Set this to true, if initiator. Set this to false, if acceptor only. (Default is true). Note: Do not set this value to false for initiators.

This LoginModule also recognizes the following additional Configuration options that enable you to share username and passwords across different authentication modules:

useFirstPass:
if, true, this LoginModule retrieves the username and password from the module's shared state, using "javax.security.auth.login.name" and "javax.security.auth.login.password" as the respective keys. The retrieved values are used for authentication. If authentication fails, no attempt for a retry is made, and the failure is reported back to the calling application.
tryFirstPass:
if, true, this LoginModule retrieves the the username and password from the module's shared state using "javax.security.auth.login.name" and "javax.security.auth.login.password" as the respective keys. The retrieved values are used for authentication. If authentication fails, the module uses the CallbackHandler to retrieve a new username and password, and another attempt to authenticate is made. If the authentication fails, the failure is reported back to the calling application
storePass:
if, true, this LoginModule stores the username and password obtained from the CallbackHandler in the modules shared state, using "javax.security.auth.login.name" and "javax.security.auth.login.password" as the respective keys. This is not performed if existing values already exist for the username and password in the shared state, or if authentication fails.
clearPass:
if, true, this LoginModule clears the username and password stored in the module's shared state after both phases of authentication (login and commit) have completed.

If the principal system property or key is already provided, the value of "javax.security.auth.login.name" in the shared state is ignored.

When multiple mechanisms to retrieve a ticket or key is provided, the preference order is:

  1. ticket cache
  2. keytab
  3. shared state
  4. user prompt

Note that if any step fails, it will fallback to the next step. There's only one exception, if the shared state step fails and useFirstPass = true, no user prompt is made.

Examples of some configuration values for Krb5LoginModule in JAAS config file and the results are:


 doNotPrompt = true
This is an illegal combination since none of useTicketCache, useKeyTab, useFirstPass and tryFirstPass is set and the user can not be prompted for the password.

 ticketCache = <filename>
This is an illegal combination since useTicketCache is not set to true and the ticketCache is set. A configuration error will occur.

 renewTGT = true
This is an illegal combination since useTicketCache is not set to true and renewTGT is set. A configuration error will occur.

 storeKey = true  useTicketCache = true  doNotPrompt = true
This is an illegal combination since storeKey is set to true but the key can not be obtained either by prompting the user or from the keytab, or from the shared state. A configuration error will occur.

 keyTab = <filename>  doNotPrompt = true
This is an illegal combination since useKeyTab is not set to true and the keyTab is set. A configuration error will occur.

 debug = true
Prompt the user for the principal name and the password. Use the authentication exchange to get TGT from the KDC and populate the Subject with the principal and TGT. Output debug messages.

 useTicketCache = true  doNotPrompt = true
Check the default cache for TGT and populate the Subject with the principal and TGT. If the TGT is not available, do not prompt the user, instead fail the authentication.

 principal = <name>  useTicketCache = true  doNotPrompt = true
Get the TGT from the default cache for the principal and populate the Subject's principal and private creds set. If ticket cache is not available or does not contain the principal's TGT authentication will fail.

 useTicketCache = true
 ticketCache = <file name>
 useKeyTab = true
 keyTab = <keytab filename>
 principal = <principal name>
 doNotPrompt = true
Search the cache for the principal's TGT. If it is not available use the key in the keytab to perform authentication exchange with the KDC and acquire the TGT. The Subject will be populated with the principal and the TGT. If the key is not available or valid then authentication will fail.

 useTicketCache = true  ticketCache = <filename>
The TGT will be obtained from the cache specified. The Kerberos principal name used will be the principal name in the Ticket cache. If the TGT is not available in the ticket cache the user will be prompted for the principal name and the password. The TGT will be obtained using the authentication exchange with the KDC. The Subject will be populated with the TGT.

 useKeyTab = true  keyTab=<keytab filename>  principal = <principal name>  storeKey = true
The key for the principal will be retrieved from the keytab. If the key is not available in the keytab the user will be prompted for the principal's password. The Subject will be populated with the principal's key either from the keytab or derived from the password entered.

 useKeyTab = true  keyTab = <keytabname>  storeKey = true  doNotPrompt = false
The user will be prompted for the service principal name. If the principal's longterm key is available in the keytab , it will be added to the Subject's private credentials. An authentication exchange will be attempted with the principal name and the key from the Keytab. If successful the TGT will be added to the Subject's private credentials set. Otherwise the authentication will fail.

 isInitiator = false  useKeyTab = true  keyTab = <keytabname>  storeKey = true  principal = *
The acceptor will be an unbound acceptor and it can act as any principal as long that principal has keys in the keytab.

 useTicketCache = true
 ticketCache = <file name>
 useKeyTab = true
 keyTab = <file name>
 storeKey = true
 principal = <principal name>
The client's TGT will be retrieved from the ticket cache and added to the Subject's private credentials. If the TGT is not available in the ticket cache, or the TGT's client name does not match the principal name, Java will use a secret key to obtain the TGT using the authentication exchange and added to the Subject's private credentials. This secret key will be first retrieved from the keytab. If the key is not available, the user will be prompted for the password. In either case, the key derived from the password will be added to the Subject's private credentials set.

 isInitiator = false
Configured to act as acceptor only, credentials are not acquired via AS exchange. For acceptors only, set this value to false. For initiators, do not set this value to false.

 isInitiator = true
Configured to act as initiator, credentials are acquired via AS exchange. For initiators, set this value to true, or leave this option unset, in which case default value (true) will be used.
  • Constructor Details

    • Krb5LoginModule

      public Krb5LoginModule()
  • Method Details

    • initialize

      public void initialize​(Subject subject, CallbackHandler callbackHandler, Map<String,​?> sharedState, Map<String,​?> options)
      Initialize this LoginModule.
      Specified by:
      initialize in interface LoginModule
      Parameters:
      subject - the Subject to be authenticated.
      callbackHandler - a CallbackHandler for communication with the end user (prompting for usernames and passwords, for example).
      sharedState - shared LoginModule state.
      options - options specified in the login Configuration for this particular LoginModule.
    • login

      public boolean login() throws LoginException
      Authenticate the user
      Specified by:
      login in interface LoginModule
      Returns:
      true in all cases since this LoginModule should not be ignored.
      Throws:
      FailedLoginException - if the authentication fails.
      LoginException - if this LoginModule is unable to perform the authentication.
    • commit

      public boolean commit() throws LoginException
      This method is called if the LoginContext's overall authentication succeeded (the relevant REQUIRED, REQUISITE, SUFFICIENT and OPTIONAL LoginModules succeeded).

      If this LoginModule's own authentication attempt succeeded (checked by retrieving the private state saved by the login method), then this method associates a Krb5Principal with the Subject located in the LoginModule. It adds Kerberos Credentials to the the Subject's private credentials set. If this LoginModule's own authentication attempted failed, then this method removes any state that was originally saved.

      Specified by:
      commit in interface LoginModule
      Returns:
      true if this LoginModule's own login and commit attempts succeeded, or false otherwise.
      Throws:
      LoginException - if the commit fails.
    • abort

      public boolean abort() throws LoginException
      This method is called if the LoginContext's overall authentication failed. (the relevant REQUIRED, REQUISITE, SUFFICIENT and OPTIONAL LoginModules did not succeed).

      If this LoginModule's own authentication attempt succeeded (checked by retrieving the private state saved by the login and commit methods), then this method cleans up any state that was originally saved.

      Specified by:
      abort in interface LoginModule
      Returns:
      false if this LoginModule's own login and/or commit attempts failed, and true otherwise.
      Throws:
      LoginException - if the abort fails.
    • logout

      public boolean logout() throws LoginException
      Logout the user.

      This method removes the Krb5Principal that was added by the commit method.

      Specified by:
      logout in interface LoginModule
      Returns:
      true in all cases since this LoginModule should not be ignored.
      Throws:
      LoginException - if the logout fails.