Class HttpRequest


public abstract class HttpRequest extends Object
An HTTP request.

An HttpRequest instance is built through an HttpRequest builder. An HttpRequest builder is obtained from one of the newBuilder methods. A request's URI, headers, and body can be set. Request bodies are provided through a BodyPublisher supplied to one of the POST, PUT or method methods. Once all required parameters have been set in the builder, build will return the HttpRequest. Builders can be copied and modified many times in order to build multiple related requests that differ in some parameters.

The following is an example of a GET request that prints the response body as a String:

HttpClient client = HttpClient.newHttpClient();

HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder()

client.sendAsync(request, BodyHandlers.ofString())

The class BodyPublishers provides implementations of many common publishers. Alternatively, a custom BodyPublisher implementation can be used.

  • Constructor Details

    • HttpRequest

      protected HttpRequest()
      Creates an HttpRequest.
  • Method Details

    • newBuilder

      public static HttpRequest.Builder newBuilder(URI uri)
      Creates an HttpRequest builder with the given URI.
      uri - the request URI
      a new request builder
      IllegalArgumentException - if the URI scheme is not supported.
    • newBuilder

      public static HttpRequest.Builder newBuilder(HttpRequest request, BiPredicate<String,String> filter)
      Creates a Builder whose initial state is copied from an existing HttpRequest.

      This builder can be used to build an HttpRequest, equivalent to the original, while allowing amendment of the request state prior to construction - for example, adding additional headers.

      The filter is applied to each header name value pair as they are copied from the given request. When completed, only headers that satisfy the condition as laid out by the filter will be present in the Builder returned from this method.

      API Note:
      The following scenarios demonstrate typical use-cases of the filter. Given an HttpRequest request:

      • Retain all headers:
        HttpRequest.newBuilder(request, (n, v) -> true)
      • Remove all headers:
        HttpRequest.newBuilder(request, (n, v) -> false)
      • Remove a particular header (e.g. Foo-Bar):
        HttpRequest.newBuilder(request, (name, value) -> !name.equalsIgnoreCase("Foo-Bar"))
      request - the original request
      filter - a header filter
      a new request builder
      IllegalArgumentException - if a new builder cannot be seeded from the given request (for instance, if the request contains illegal parameters)
    • newBuilder

      public static HttpRequest.Builder newBuilder()
      Creates an HttpRequest builder.
      a new request builder
    • bodyPublisher

      public abstract Optional<HttpRequest.BodyPublisher> bodyPublisher()
      Returns an Optional containing the HttpRequest.BodyPublisher set on this request. If no BodyPublisher was set in the requests's builder, then the Optional is empty.
      an Optional containing this request's BodyPublisher
    • method

      public abstract String method()
      Returns the request method for this request. If not set explicitly, the default method for any request is "GET".
      this request's method
    • timeout

      public abstract Optional<Duration> timeout()
      Returns an Optional containing this request's timeout duration. If the timeout duration was not set in the request's builder, then the Optional is empty.
      an Optional containing this request's timeout duration
    • expectContinue

      public abstract boolean expectContinue()
      Returns this request's expect continue setting.
      this request's expect continue setting
    • uri

      public abstract URI uri()
      Returns this request's URI.
      this request's URI
    • version

      public abstract Optional<HttpClient.Version> version()
      Returns an Optional containing the HTTP protocol version that will be requested for this HttpRequest. If the version was not set in the request's builder, then the Optional is empty. In that case, the version requested will be that of the sending HttpClient. The corresponding HttpResponse should be queried to determine the version that was actually used.
      HTTP protocol version
    • headers

      public abstract HttpHeaders headers()
      The (user-accessible) request headers that this request was (or will be) sent with.
      this request's HttpHeaders
    • equals

      public final boolean equals(Object obj)
      Tests this HTTP request instance for equality with the given object.

      If the given object is not an HttpRequest then this method returns false. Two HTTP requests are equal if their URI, method, and headers fields are all equal.

      This method satisfies the general contract of the Object.equals method.

      equals in class Object
      obj - the object to which this object is to be compared
      true if, and only if, the given object is an HttpRequest that is equal to this HTTP request
      See Also:
    • hashCode

      public final int hashCode()
      Computes a hash code for this HTTP request instance.

      The hash code is based upon the HTTP request's URI, method, and header components, and satisfies the general contract of the Object.hashCode method.

      hashCode in class Object
      the hash-code value for this HTTP request
      See Also: