Module java.base
Package java.io

Class FileDescriptor

java.lang.Object
java.io.FileDescriptor

public final class FileDescriptor extends Object
Instances of the file descriptor class serve as an opaque handle to the underlying machine-specific structure representing an open file, an open socket, or another source or sink of bytes. The main practical use for a file descriptor is to create a FileInputStream or FileOutputStream to contain it.

Applications should not create their own file descriptors.

Since:
1.0
  • Field Summary

    Fields
    Modifier and Type
    Field
    Description
    static final FileDescriptor
    A handle to the standard error stream.
    static final FileDescriptor
    A handle to the standard input stream.
    static final FileDescriptor
    A handle to the standard output stream.
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor
    Description
    Constructs an (invalid) FileDescriptor object.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type
    Method
    Description
    void
    Force all system buffers to synchronize with the underlying device.
    boolean
    Tests if this file descriptor object is valid.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
  • Field Details

    • in

      public static final FileDescriptor in
      A handle to the standard input stream. Usually, this file descriptor is not used directly, but rather via the input stream known as System.in.
      See Also:
      System.in
    • out

      public static final FileDescriptor out
      A handle to the standard output stream. Usually, this file descriptor is not used directly, but rather via the output stream known as System.out.
      See Also:
      System.out
    • err

      public static final FileDescriptor err
      A handle to the standard error stream. Usually, this file descriptor is not used directly, but rather via the output stream known as System.err.
      See Also:
      System.err
  • Constructor Details

    • FileDescriptor

      public FileDescriptor()
      Constructs an (invalid) FileDescriptor object. The fd or handle is set later.
  • Method Details

    • valid

      public boolean valid()
      Tests if this file descriptor object is valid.
      Returns:
      true if the file descriptor object represents a valid, open file, socket, or other active I/O connection; false otherwise.
    • sync

      public void sync() throws SyncFailedException
      Force all system buffers to synchronize with the underlying device. This method returns after all modified data and attributes of this FileDescriptor have been written to the relevant device(s). In particular, if this FileDescriptor refers to a physical storage medium, such as a file in a file system, sync will not return until all in-memory modified copies of buffers associated with this FileDescriptor have been written to the physical medium. sync is meant to be used by code that requires physical storage (such as a file) to be in a known state For example, a class that provided a simple transaction facility might use sync to ensure that all changes to a file caused by a given transaction were recorded on a storage medium. sync only affects buffers downstream of this FileDescriptor. If any in-memory buffering is being done by the application (for example, by a BufferedOutputStream object), those buffers must be flushed into the FileDescriptor (for example, by invoking OutputStream.flush) before that data will be affected by sync.
      Throws:
      SyncFailedException - Thrown when the buffers cannot be flushed, or because the system cannot guarantee that all the buffers have been synchronized with physical media.
      Since:
      1.1