Module java.base
Package java.lang

Class Runtime.Version

java.lang.Object
java.lang.Runtime.Version
All Implemented Interfaces:
Comparable<Runtime.Version>
Enclosing class:
Runtime

public static final class Runtime.Version
extends Object
implements Comparable<Runtime.Version>
A representation of a version string for an implementation of the Java SE Platform. A version string consists of a version number optionally followed by pre-release and build information.

Version numbers

A version number, $VNUM, is a non-empty sequence of elements separated by period characters (U+002E). An element is either zero, or an unsigned integer numeral without leading zeros. The final element in a version number must not be zero. When an element is incremented, all subsequent elements are removed. The format is:

 [1-9][0-9]*((\.0)*\.[1-9][0-9]*)*
 

The sequence may be of arbitrary length but the first four elements are assigned specific meanings, as follows:

 $FEATURE.$INTERIM.$UPDATE.$PATCH
 
  • $FEATURE — The feature-release counter, incremented for every feature release regardless of release content. Features may be added in a feature release; they may also be removed, if advance notice was given at least one feature release ahead of time. Incompatible changes may be made when justified.

  • $INTERIM — The interim-release counter, incremented for non-feature releases that contain compatible bug fixes and enhancements but no incompatible changes, no feature removals, and no changes to standard APIs.

  • $UPDATE — The update-release counter, incremented for compatible update releases that fix security issues, regressions, and bugs in newer features.

  • $PATCH — The emergency patch-release counter, incremented only when it's necessary to produce an emergency release to fix a critical issue.

The fifth and later elements of a version number are free for use by platform implementors, to identify implementor-specific patch releases.

A version number never has trailing zero elements. If an element and all those that follow it logically have the value zero then all of them are omitted.

The sequence of numerals in a version number is compared to another such sequence in numerical, pointwise fashion; e.g., 10.0.4 is less than 10.1.2. If one sequence is shorter than another then the missing elements of the shorter sequence are considered to be less than the corresponding elements of the longer sequence; e.g., 10.0.2 is less than 10.0.2.1.

Version strings

A version string, $VSTR, is a version number $VNUM, as described above, optionally followed by pre-release and build information, in one of the following formats:

     $VNUM(-$PRE)?\+$BUILD(-$OPT)?
     $VNUM-$PRE(-$OPT)?
     $VNUM(\+-$OPT)?
 

where:

  • $PRE, matching ([a-zA-Z0-9]+) — A pre-release identifier. Typically ea, for a potentially unstable early-access release under active development, or internal, for an internal developer build.

  • $BUILD, matching (0|[1-9][0-9]*) — The build number, incremented for each promoted build. $BUILD is reset to 1 when any portion of $VNUM is incremented.

  • $OPT, matching ([-a-zA-Z0-9.]+) — Additional build information, if desired. In the case of an internal build this will often contain the date and time of the build.

A version string 10-ea matches $VNUM = "10" and $PRE = "ea". The version string 10+-ea matches $VNUM = "10" and $OPT = "ea".

When comparing two version strings, the value of $OPT, if present, may or may not be significant depending on the chosen comparison method. The comparison methods compareTo() and compareToIgnoreOptional() should be used consistently with the corresponding methods equals() and equalsIgnoreOptional().

A short version string, $SVSTR, often useful in less formal contexts, is a version number optionally followed by a pre-release identifier:

     $VNUM(-$PRE)?
 

This is a value-based class; use of identity-sensitive operations (including reference equality (==), identity hash code, or synchronization) on instances of Version may have unpredictable results and should be avoided.

Since:
9
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    Optional<Integer> build()
    Returns the build number.
    int compareTo​(Runtime.Version obj)
    Compares this version to another.
    int compareToIgnoreOptional​(Runtime.Version obj)
    Compares this version to another disregarding optional build information.
    boolean equals​(Object obj)
    Determines whether this Version is equal to another object.
    boolean equalsIgnoreOptional​(Object obj)
    Determines whether this Version is equal to another disregarding optional build information.
    int feature()
    Returns the value of the feature element of the version number.
    int hashCode()
    Returns the hash code of this version.
    int interim()
    Returns the value of the interim element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
    int major()
    Deprecated.
    As of Java SE 10, the first element of a version number is not the major-release number but the feature-release counter, incremented for every time-based release.
    int minor()
    Deprecated.
    As of Java SE 10, the second element of a version number is not the minor-release number but the interim-release counter, incremented for every interim release.
    Optional<String> optional()
    Returns optional additional identifying build information.
    static Runtime.Version parse​(String s)
    Parses the given string as a valid version string containing a version number followed by pre-release and build information.
    int patch()
    Returns the value of the patch element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
    Optional<String> pre()
    Returns the optional pre-release information.
    int security()
    Deprecated.
    As of Java SE 10, the third element of a version number is not the security level but the update-release counter, incremented for every update release.
    String toString()
    Returns a string representation of this version.
    int update()
    Returns the value of the update element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
    List<Integer> version()
    Returns an unmodifiable List of the integers represented in the version number.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
  • Method Details

    • parse

      public static Runtime.Version parse(String s)
      Parses the given string as a valid version string containing a version number followed by pre-release and build information.
      Parameters:
      s - A string to interpret as a version
      Returns:
      The Version of the given string
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - If the given string cannot be interpreted as a valid version
      NullPointerException - If the given string is null
      NumberFormatException - If an element of the version number or the build number cannot be represented as an Integer
    • feature

      public int feature()
      Returns the value of the feature element of the version number.
      Returns:
      The value of the feature element
      Since:
      10
    • interim

      public int interim()
      Returns the value of the interim element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns:
      The value of the interim element, or zero
      Since:
      10
    • update

      public int update()
      Returns the value of the update element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns:
      The value of the update element, or zero
      Since:
      10
    • patch

      public int patch()
      Returns the value of the patch element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns:
      The value of the patch element, or zero
      Since:
      10
    • major

      @Deprecated(since="10") public int major()
      Deprecated.
      As of Java SE 10, the first element of a version number is not the major-release number but the feature-release counter, incremented for every time-based release. Use the feature() method in preference to this method. For compatibility, this method returns the value of the feature element.
      Returns the value of the major element of the version number.
      Returns:
      The value of the feature element
    • minor

      @Deprecated(since="10") public int minor()
      Deprecated.
      As of Java SE 10, the second element of a version number is not the minor-release number but the interim-release counter, incremented for every interim release. Use the interim() method in preference to this method. For compatibility, this method returns the value of the interim element, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns the value of the minor element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns:
      The value of the interim element, or zero
    • security

      @Deprecated(since="10") public int security()
      Deprecated.
      As of Java SE 10, the third element of a version number is not the security level but the update-release counter, incremented for every update release. Use the update() method in preference to this method. For compatibility, this method returns the value of the update element, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns the value of the security element of the version number, or zero if it is absent.
      Returns:
      The value of the update element, or zero
    • version

      public List<Integer> version()
      Returns an unmodifiable List of the integers represented in the version number. The List always contains at least one element corresponding to the feature version number.
      Returns:
      An unmodifiable list of the integers represented in the version number
    • pre

      public Optional<String> pre()
      Returns the optional pre-release information.
      Returns:
      The optional pre-release information as a String
    • build

      public Optional<Integer> build()
      Returns the build number.
      Returns:
      The optional build number.
    • optional

      public Optional<String> optional()
      Returns optional additional identifying build information.
      Returns:
      Additional build information as a String
    • compareTo

      public int compareTo(Runtime.Version obj)
      Compares this version to another.

      Each of the components in the version is compared in the following order of precedence: version numbers, pre-release identifiers, build numbers, optional build information.

      Comparison begins by examining the sequence of version numbers. If one sequence is shorter than another, then the missing elements of the shorter sequence are considered to be less than the corresponding elements of the longer sequence.

      A version with a pre-release identifier is always considered to be less than a version without one. Pre-release identifiers are compared numerically when they consist only of digits, and lexicographically otherwise. Numeric identifiers are considered to be less than non-numeric identifiers.

      A version without a build number is always less than one with a build number; otherwise build numbers are compared numerically.

      The optional build information is compared lexicographically. During this comparison, a version with optional build information is considered to be greater than a version without one.

      Specified by:
      compareTo in interface Comparable<Runtime.Version>
      Parameters:
      obj - The object to be compared
      Returns:
      A negative integer, zero, or a positive integer if this Version is less than, equal to, or greater than the given Version
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - If the given object is null
    • compareToIgnoreOptional

      public int compareToIgnoreOptional(Runtime.Version obj)
      Compares this version to another disregarding optional build information.

      Two versions are compared by examining the version string as described in compareTo(Version) with the exception that the optional build information is always ignored.

      This method provides ordering which is consistent with equalsIgnoreOptional().

      Parameters:
      obj - The object to be compared
      Returns:
      A negative integer, zero, or a positive integer if this Version is less than, equal to, or greater than the given Version
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - If the given object is null
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns a string representation of this version.
      Overrides:
      toString in class Object
      Returns:
      The version string
    • equals

      public boolean equals(Object obj)
      Determines whether this Version is equal to another object.

      Two Versions are equal if and only if they represent the same version string.

      Overrides:
      equals in class Object
      Parameters:
      obj - The object to which this Version is to be compared
      Returns:
      true if, and only if, the given object is a Version that is identical to this Version
      See Also:
      Object.hashCode(), HashMap
    • equalsIgnoreOptional

      public boolean equalsIgnoreOptional(Object obj)
      Determines whether this Version is equal to another disregarding optional build information.

      Two Versions are equal if and only if they represent the same version string disregarding the optional build information.

      Parameters:
      obj - The object to which this Version is to be compared
      Returns:
      true if, and only if, the given object is a Version that is identical to this Version ignoring the optional build information
    • hashCode

      public int hashCode()
      Returns the hash code of this version.
      Overrides:
      hashCode in class Object
      Returns:
      The hashcode of this version
      See Also:
      Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)