Module java.base
Package java.math

Class MathContext

java.lang.Object
java.math.MathContext
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable

public final class MathContext extends Object implements Serializable
Immutable objects which encapsulate the context settings which describe certain rules for numerical operators, such as those implemented by the BigDecimal class.

The base-independent settings are:

  1. precision: the number of digits to be used for an operation; results are rounded to this precision
  2. roundingMode: a RoundingMode object which specifies the algorithm to be used for rounding.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
BigDecimal, RoundingMode, Serialized Form
  • Field Summary

    Fields
    Modifier and Type
    Field
    Description
    static final MathContext
    A MathContext object with a precision setting matching the precision of the IEEE 754-2019 decimal128 format, 34 digits, and a rounding mode of HALF_EVEN.
    static final MathContext
    A MathContext object with a precision setting matching the precision of the IEEE 754-2019 decimal32 format, 7 digits, and a rounding mode of HALF_EVEN.
    static final MathContext
    A MathContext object with a precision setting matching the precision of the IEEE 754-2019 decimal64 format, 16 digits, and a rounding mode of HALF_EVEN.
    static final MathContext
    A MathContext object whose settings have the values required for unlimited precision arithmetic.
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor
    Description
    MathContext​(int setPrecision)
    Constructs a new MathContext with the specified precision and the HALF_UP rounding mode.
    MathContext​(int setPrecision, RoundingMode setRoundingMode)
    Constructs a new MathContext with a specified precision and rounding mode.
    Constructs a new MathContext from a string.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type
    Method
    Description
    boolean
    equals​(Object x)
    Compares this MathContext with the specified Object for equality.
    int
    Returns the precision setting.
    Returns the roundingMode setting.
    int
    Returns the hash code for this MathContext.
    Returns the string representation of this MathContext.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
  • Field Details

    • UNLIMITED

      public static final MathContext UNLIMITED
      A MathContext object whose settings have the values required for unlimited precision arithmetic. The values of the settings are: precision=0 roundingMode=HALF_UP
    • DECIMAL32

      public static final MathContext DECIMAL32
      A MathContext object with a precision setting matching the precision of the IEEE 754-2019 decimal32 format, 7 digits, and a rounding mode of HALF_EVEN. Note the exponent range of decimal32 is not used for rounding.
    • DECIMAL64

      public static final MathContext DECIMAL64
      A MathContext object with a precision setting matching the precision of the IEEE 754-2019 decimal64 format, 16 digits, and a rounding mode of HALF_EVEN. Note the exponent range of decimal64 is not used for rounding.
    • DECIMAL128

      public static final MathContext DECIMAL128
      A MathContext object with a precision setting matching the precision of the IEEE 754-2019 decimal128 format, 34 digits, and a rounding mode of HALF_EVEN. Note the exponent range of decimal64 is not used for rounding.
  • Constructor Details

    • MathContext

      public MathContext(int setPrecision)
      Constructs a new MathContext with the specified precision and the HALF_UP rounding mode.
      Parameters:
      setPrecision - The non-negative int precision setting.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the setPrecision parameter is less than zero.
    • MathContext

      public MathContext(int setPrecision, RoundingMode setRoundingMode)
      Constructs a new MathContext with a specified precision and rounding mode.
      Parameters:
      setPrecision - The non-negative int precision setting.
      setRoundingMode - The rounding mode to use.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the setPrecision parameter is less than zero.
      NullPointerException - if the rounding mode argument is null
    • MathContext

      public MathContext(String val)
      Constructs a new MathContext from a string. The string must be in the same format as that produced by the toString() method.

      An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the precision section of the string is out of range (< 0) or the string is not in the format created by the toString() method.

      Parameters:
      val - The string to be parsed
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the precision section is out of range or of incorrect format
      NullPointerException - if the argument is null
  • Method Details

    • getPrecision

      public int getPrecision()
      Returns the precision setting. This value is always non-negative.
      Returns:
      an int which is the value of the precision setting
    • getRoundingMode

      public RoundingMode getRoundingMode()
      Returns:
      a RoundingMode object which is the value of the roundingMode setting
    • equals

      public boolean equals(Object x)
      Compares this MathContext with the specified Object for equality.
      Overrides:
      equals in class Object
      Parameters:
      x - Object to which this MathContext is to be compared.
      Returns:
      true if and only if the specified Object is a MathContext object which has exactly the same settings as this object
      See Also:
      Object.hashCode(), HashMap
    • hashCode

      public int hashCode()
      Returns the hash code for this MathContext.
      Overrides:
      hashCode in class Object
      Returns:
      hash code for this MathContext
      See Also:
      Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns the string representation of this MathContext. The String returned represents the settings of the MathContext object as two space-delimited words (separated by a single space character, '\u0020', and with no leading or trailing white space), as follows:
      1. The string "precision=", immediately followed by the value of the precision setting as a numeric string as if generated by the Integer.toString method.
      2. The string "roundingMode=", immediately followed by the value of the roundingMode setting as a word. This word will be the same as the name of the corresponding public constant in the RoundingMode enum.

      For example:

       precision=9 roundingMode=HALF_UP
       
      Additional words may be appended to the result of toString in the future if more properties are added to this class.
      Overrides:
      toString in class Object
      Returns:
      a String representing the context settings