Module java.base
Package java.util

Class DoubleSummaryStatistics

java.lang.Object
java.util.DoubleSummaryStatistics
All Implemented Interfaces:
DoubleConsumer

public class DoubleSummaryStatistics extends Object implements DoubleConsumer
A state object for collecting statistics such as count, min, max, sum, and average.

This class is designed to work with (though does not require) streams. For example, you can compute summary statistics on a stream of doubles with:

 
 DoubleSummaryStatistics stats = doubleStream.collect(DoubleSummaryStatistics::new,
                                                      DoubleSummaryStatistics::accept,
                                                      DoubleSummaryStatistics::combine);
 

DoubleSummaryStatistics can be used as a reduction target for a stream. For example:

 
 DoubleSummaryStatistics stats = people.stream()
     .collect(Collectors.summarizingDouble(Person::getWeight));
This computes, in a single pass, the count of people, as well as the minimum, maximum, sum, and average of their weights.
Implementation Note:
This implementation is not thread safe. However, it is safe to use Collectors.summarizingDouble() on a parallel stream, because the parallel implementation of Stream.collect() provides the necessary partitioning, isolation, and merging of results for safe and efficient parallel execution.

This implementation does not check for overflow of the count.

Since:
1.8
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor
    Description
    Constructs an empty instance with zero count, zero sum, Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY min, Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY max and zero average.
    DoubleSummaryStatistics​(long count, double min, double max, double sum)
    Constructs a non-empty instance with the specified count, min, max, and sum.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type
    Method
    Description
    void
    accept​(double value)
    Records another value into the summary information.
    void
    Combines the state of another DoubleSummaryStatistics into this one.
    final double
    Returns the arithmetic mean of values recorded, or zero if no values have been recorded.
    final long
    Return the count of values recorded.
    final double
    Returns the maximum recorded value, Double.NaN if any recorded value was NaN or Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY if no values were recorded.
    final double
    Returns the minimum recorded value, Double.NaN if any recorded value was NaN or Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY if no values were recorded.
    final double
    Returns the sum of values recorded, or zero if no values have been recorded.
    Returns a non-empty string representation of this object suitable for debugging.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait

    Methods declared in interface java.util.function.DoubleConsumer

    andThen
  • Constructor Details

    • DoubleSummaryStatistics

      public DoubleSummaryStatistics()
      Constructs an empty instance with zero count, zero sum, Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY min, Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY max and zero average.
    • DoubleSummaryStatistics

      public DoubleSummaryStatistics(long count, double min, double max, double sum) throws IllegalArgumentException
      Constructs a non-empty instance with the specified count, min, max, and sum.

      If count is zero then the remaining arguments are ignored and an empty instance is constructed.

      If the arguments are inconsistent then an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. The necessary consistent argument conditions are:

      • count >= 0
      • (min <= max && !isNaN(sum)) || (isNaN(min) && isNaN(max) && isNaN(sum))
      API Note:
      The enforcement of argument correctness means that the retrieved set of recorded values obtained from a DoubleSummaryStatistics source instance may not be a legal set of arguments for this constructor due to arithmetic overflow of the source's recorded count of values. The consistent argument conditions are not sufficient to prevent the creation of an internally inconsistent instance. An example of such a state would be an instance with: count = 2, min = 1, max = 2, and sum = 0.
      Parameters:
      count - the count of values
      min - the minimum value
      max - the maximum value
      sum - the sum of all values
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the arguments are inconsistent
      Since:
      10
  • Method Details

    • accept

      public void accept(double value)
      Records another value into the summary information.
      Specified by:
      accept in interface DoubleConsumer
      Parameters:
      value - the input value
    • combine

      public void combine(DoubleSummaryStatistics other)
      Combines the state of another DoubleSummaryStatistics into this one.
      Parameters:
      other - another DoubleSummaryStatistics
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if other is null
    • getCount

      public final long getCount()
      Return the count of values recorded.
      Returns:
      the count of values
    • getSum

      public final double getSum()
      Returns the sum of values recorded, or zero if no values have been recorded.

      The value of a floating-point sum is a function both of the input values as well as the order of addition operations. The order of addition operations of this method is intentionally not defined to allow for implementation flexibility to improve the speed and accuracy of the computed result. In particular, this method may be implemented using compensated summation or other technique to reduce the error bound in the numerical sum compared to a simple summation of double values. Because of the unspecified order of operations and the possibility of using differing summation schemes, the output of this method may vary on the same input values.

      Various conditions can result in a non-finite sum being computed. This can occur even if the all the recorded values being summed are finite. If any recorded value is non-finite, the sum will be non-finite:

      • If any recorded value is a NaN, then the final sum will be NaN.
      • If the recorded values contain one or more infinities, the sum will be infinite or NaN.
        • If the recorded values contain infinities of opposite sign, the sum will be NaN.
        • If the recorded values contain infinities of one sign and an intermediate sum overflows to an infinity of the opposite sign, the sum may be NaN.
      It is possible for intermediate sums of finite values to overflow into opposite-signed infinities; if that occurs, the final sum will be NaN even if the recorded values are all finite. If all the recorded values are zero, the sign of zero is not guaranteed to be preserved in the final sum.
      API Note:
      Values sorted by increasing absolute magnitude tend to yield more accurate results.
      Returns:
      the sum of values, or zero if none
    • getMin

      public final double getMin()
      Returns the minimum recorded value, Double.NaN if any recorded value was NaN or Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY if no values were recorded. Unlike the numerical comparison operators, this method considers negative zero to be strictly smaller than positive zero.
      Returns:
      the minimum recorded value, Double.NaN if any recorded value was NaN or Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY if no values were recorded
    • getMax

      public final double getMax()
      Returns the maximum recorded value, Double.NaN if any recorded value was NaN or Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY if no values were recorded. Unlike the numerical comparison operators, this method considers negative zero to be strictly smaller than positive zero.
      Returns:
      the maximum recorded value, Double.NaN if any recorded value was NaN or Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY if no values were recorded
    • getAverage

      public final double getAverage()
      Returns the arithmetic mean of values recorded, or zero if no values have been recorded.

      The computed average can vary numerically and have the special case behavior as computing the sum; see getSum() for details.

      API Note:
      Values sorted by increasing absolute magnitude tend to yield more accurate results.
      Returns:
      the arithmetic mean of values, or zero if none
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns a non-empty string representation of this object suitable for debugging. The exact presentation format is unspecified and may vary between implementations and versions.
      Overrides:
      toString in class Object
      Returns:
      a string representation of the object.