Module java.base

Class FutureTask<V>

java.lang.Object
java.util.concurrent.FutureTask<V>
Type Parameters:
V - The result type returned by this FutureTask's get methods
All Implemented Interfaces:
Runnable, Future<V>, RunnableFuture<V>

public class FutureTask<V>
extends Object
implements RunnableFuture<V>
A cancellable asynchronous computation. This class provides a base implementation of Future, with methods to start and cancel a computation, query to see if the computation is complete, and retrieve the result of the computation. The result can only be retrieved when the computation has completed; the get methods will block if the computation has not yet completed. Once the computation has completed, the computation cannot be restarted or cancelled (unless the computation is invoked using runAndReset()).

A FutureTask can be used to wrap a Callable or Runnable object. Because FutureTask implements Runnable, a FutureTask can be submitted to an Executor for execution.

In addition to serving as a standalone class, this class provides protected functionality that may be useful when creating customized task classes.

Since:
1.5
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor Description
    FutureTask​(Runnable runnable, V result)
    Creates a FutureTask that will, upon running, execute the given Runnable, and arrange that get will return the given result on successful completion.
    FutureTask​(Callable<V> callable)
    Creates a FutureTask that will, upon running, execute the given Callable.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    protected void done()
    Protected method invoked when this task transitions to state isDone (whether normally or via cancellation).
    V get()
    Waits if necessary for the computation to complete, and then retrieves its result.
    V get​(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
    Waits if necessary for at most the given time for the computation to complete, and then retrieves its result, if available.
    protected boolean runAndReset()
    Executes the computation without setting its result, and then resets this future to initial state, failing to do so if the computation encounters an exception or is cancelled.
    protected void set​(V v)
    Sets the result of this future to the given value unless this future has already been set or has been cancelled.
    protected void setException​(Throwable t)
    Causes this future to report an ExecutionException with the given throwable as its cause, unless this future has already been set or has been cancelled.
    String toString()
    Returns a string representation of this FutureTask.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait

    Methods declared in interface java.util.concurrent.Future

    cancel, isCancelled, isDone, join

    Methods declared in interface java.util.concurrent.RunnableFuture

    run
  • Constructor Details

    • FutureTask

      public FutureTask(Callable<V> callable)
      Creates a FutureTask that will, upon running, execute the given Callable.
      Parameters:
      callable - the callable task
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if the callable is null
    • FutureTask

      public FutureTask(Runnable runnable, V result)
      Creates a FutureTask that will, upon running, execute the given Runnable, and arrange that get will return the given result on successful completion.
      Parameters:
      runnable - the runnable task
      result - the result to return on successful completion. If you don't need a particular result, consider using constructions of the form: Future<?> f = new FutureTask<Void>(runnable, null)
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if the runnable is null
  • Method Details

    • get

      Description copied from interface: Future
      Waits if necessary for the computation to complete, and then retrieves its result.
      Specified by:
      get in interface Future<V>
      Returns:
      the computed result
      Throws:
      CancellationException - if the computation was cancelled
      InterruptedException - if the current thread was interrupted while waiting
      ExecutionException - if the computation threw an exception
    • get

      public V get(long timeout, TimeUnit unit) throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException
      Description copied from interface: Future
      Waits if necessary for at most the given time for the computation to complete, and then retrieves its result, if available.
      Specified by:
      get in interface Future<V>
      Parameters:
      timeout - the maximum time to wait
      unit - the time unit of the timeout argument
      Returns:
      the computed result
      Throws:
      CancellationException - if the computation was cancelled
      InterruptedException - if the current thread was interrupted while waiting
      ExecutionException - if the computation threw an exception
      TimeoutException - if the wait timed out
    • done

      protected void done()
      Protected method invoked when this task transitions to state isDone (whether normally or via cancellation). The default implementation does nothing. Subclasses may override this method to invoke completion callbacks or perform bookkeeping. Note that you can query status inside the implementation of this method to determine whether this task has been cancelled.
    • set

      protected void set(V v)
      Sets the result of this future to the given value unless this future has already been set or has been cancelled.

      This method is invoked internally by the RunnableFuture.run() method upon successful completion of the computation.

      Parameters:
      v - the value
    • setException

      protected void setException(Throwable t)
      Causes this future to report an ExecutionException with the given throwable as its cause, unless this future has already been set or has been cancelled.

      This method is invoked internally by the RunnableFuture.run() method upon failure of the computation.

      Parameters:
      t - the cause of failure
    • runAndReset

      protected boolean runAndReset()
      Executes the computation without setting its result, and then resets this future to initial state, failing to do so if the computation encounters an exception or is cancelled. This is designed for use with tasks that intrinsically execute more than once.
      Returns:
      true if successfully run and reset
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns a string representation of this FutureTask.
      Overrides:
      toString in class Object
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation returns a string identifying this FutureTask, as well as its completion state. The state, in brackets, contains one of the strings "Completed Normally", "Completed Exceptionally", "Cancelled", or "Not completed".
      Returns:
      a string representation of this FutureTask