Module java.base
Package java.lang

Class Short

All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Comparable<Short>, Constable

public final class Short
extends Number
implements Comparable<Short>, Constable
The Short class wraps a value of primitive type short in an object. An object of type Short contains a single field whose type is short.

In addition, this class provides several methods for converting a short to a String and a String to a short, as well as other constants and methods useful when dealing with a short.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Number, Serialized Form
  • Field Summary

    Fields
    Modifier and Type Field Description
    static int BYTES
    The number of bytes used to represent a short value in two's complement binary form.
    static short MAX_VALUE
    A constant holding the maximum value a short can have, 215-1.
    static short MIN_VALUE
    A constant holding the minimum value a short can have, -215.
    static int SIZE
    The number of bits used to represent a short value in two's complement binary form.
    static Class<Short> TYPE
    The Class instance representing the primitive type short.
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor Description
    Short​(short value)
    Deprecated.
    It is rarely appropriate to use this constructor.
    Short​(String s)
    Deprecated.
    It is rarely appropriate to use this constructor.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    byte byteValue()
    Returns the value of this Short as a byte after a narrowing primitive conversion.
    static int compare​(short x, short y)
    Compares two short values numerically.
    int compareTo​(Short anotherShort)
    Compares two Short objects numerically.
    static int compareUnsigned​(short x, short y)
    Compares two short values numerically treating the values as unsigned.
    static Short decode​(String nm)
    Decodes a String into a Short.
    Optional<DynamicConstantDesc<Short>> describeConstable()
    Returns an Optional containing the nominal descriptor for this instance.
    double doubleValue()
    Returns the value of this Short as a double after a widening primitive conversion.
    boolean equals​(Object obj)
    Compares this object to the specified object.
    float floatValue()
    Returns the value of this Short as a float after a widening primitive conversion.
    int hashCode()
    Returns a hash code for this Short; equal to the result of invoking intValue().
    static int hashCode​(short value)
    Returns a hash code for a short value; compatible with Short.hashCode().
    int intValue()
    Returns the value of this Short as an int after a widening primitive conversion.
    long longValue()
    Returns the value of this Short as a long after a widening primitive conversion.
    static short parseShort​(String s)
    Parses the string argument as a signed decimal short.
    static short parseShort​(String s, int radix)
    Parses the string argument as a signed short in the radix specified by the second argument.
    static short reverseBytes​(short i)
    Returns the value obtained by reversing the order of the bytes in the two's complement representation of the specified short value.
    short shortValue()
    Returns the value of this Short as a short.
    String toString()
    Returns a String object representing this Short's value.
    static String toString​(short s)
    Returns a new String object representing the specified short.
    static int toUnsignedInt​(short x)
    Converts the argument to an int by an unsigned conversion.
    static long toUnsignedLong​(short x)
    Converts the argument to a long by an unsigned conversion.
    static Short valueOf​(short s)
    Returns a Short instance representing the specified short value.
    static Short valueOf​(String s)
    Returns a Short object holding the value given by the specified String.
    static Short valueOf​(String s, int radix)
    Returns a Short object holding the value extracted from the specified String when parsed with the radix given by the second argument.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
  • Field Details

    • MIN_VALUE

      public static final short MIN_VALUE
      A constant holding the minimum value a short can have, -215.
      See Also:
      Constant Field Values
    • MAX_VALUE

      public static final short MAX_VALUE
      A constant holding the maximum value a short can have, 215-1.
      See Also:
      Constant Field Values
    • TYPE

      public static final Class<Short> TYPE
      The Class instance representing the primitive type short.
    • SIZE

      public static final int SIZE
      The number of bits used to represent a short value in two's complement binary form.
      Since:
      1.5
      See Also:
      Constant Field Values
    • BYTES

      public static final int BYTES
      The number of bytes used to represent a short value in two's complement binary form.
      Since:
      1.8
      See Also:
      Constant Field Values
  • Constructor Details

    • Short

      @Deprecated(since="9") public Short(short value)
      Deprecated.
      It is rarely appropriate to use this constructor. The static factory valueOf(short) is generally a better choice, as it is likely to yield significantly better space and time performance.
      Constructs a newly allocated Short object that represents the specified short value.
      Parameters:
      value - the value to be represented by the Short.
    • Short

      @Deprecated(since="9") public Short(String s) throws NumberFormatException
      Deprecated.
      It is rarely appropriate to use this constructor. Use parseShort(String) to convert a string to a short primitive, or use valueOf(String) to convert a string to a Short object.
      Constructs a newly allocated Short object that represents the short value indicated by the String parameter. The string is converted to a short value in exactly the manner used by the parseShort method for radix 10.
      Parameters:
      s - the String to be converted to a Short
      Throws:
      NumberFormatException - If the String does not contain a parsable short.
  • Method Details

    • toString

      public static String toString(short s)
      Returns a new String object representing the specified short. The radix is assumed to be 10.
      Parameters:
      s - the short to be converted
      Returns:
      the string representation of the specified short
      See Also:
      Integer.toString(int)
    • parseShort

      public static short parseShort(String s, int radix) throws NumberFormatException
      Parses the string argument as a signed short in the radix specified by the second argument. The characters in the string must all be digits, of the specified radix (as determined by whether Character.digit(char, int) returns a nonnegative value) except that the first character may be an ASCII minus sign '-' ('\u002D') to indicate a negative value or an ASCII plus sign '+' ('\u002B') to indicate a positive value. The resulting short value is returned.

      An exception of type NumberFormatException is thrown if any of the following situations occurs:

      • The first argument is null or is a string of length zero.
      • The radix is either smaller than Character.MIN_RADIX or larger than Character.MAX_RADIX.
      • Any character of the string is not a digit of the specified radix, except that the first character may be a minus sign '-' ('\u002D') or plus sign '+' ('\u002B') provided that the string is longer than length 1.
      • The value represented by the string is not a value of type short.
      Parameters:
      s - the String containing the short representation to be parsed
      radix - the radix to be used while parsing s
      Returns:
      the short represented by the string argument in the specified radix.
      Throws:
      NumberFormatException - If the String does not contain a parsable short.
    • parseShort

      public static short parseShort(String s) throws NumberFormatException
      Parses the string argument as a signed decimal short. The characters in the string must all be decimal digits, except that the first character may be an ASCII minus sign '-' ('\u002D') to indicate a negative value or an ASCII plus sign '+' ('\u002B') to indicate a positive value. The resulting short value is returned, exactly as if the argument and the radix 10 were given as arguments to the parseShort(java.lang.String, int) method.
      Parameters:
      s - a String containing the short representation to be parsed
      Returns:
      the short value represented by the argument in decimal.
      Throws:
      NumberFormatException - If the string does not contain a parsable short.
    • valueOf

      public static Short valueOf(String s, int radix) throws NumberFormatException
      Returns a Short object holding the value extracted from the specified String when parsed with the radix given by the second argument. The first argument is interpreted as representing a signed short in the radix specified by the second argument, exactly as if the argument were given to the parseShort(java.lang.String, int) method. The result is a Short object that represents the short value specified by the string.

      In other words, this method returns a Short object equal to the value of:

      new Short(Short.parseShort(s, radix))
      Parameters:
      s - the string to be parsed
      radix - the radix to be used in interpreting s
      Returns:
      a Short object holding the value represented by the string argument in the specified radix.
      Throws:
      NumberFormatException - If the String does not contain a parsable short.
    • valueOf

      public static Short valueOf(String s) throws NumberFormatException
      Returns a Short object holding the value given by the specified String. The argument is interpreted as representing a signed decimal short, exactly as if the argument were given to the parseShort(java.lang.String) method. The result is a Short object that represents the short value specified by the string.

      In other words, this method returns a Short object equal to the value of:

      new Short(Short.parseShort(s))
      Parameters:
      s - the string to be parsed
      Returns:
      a Short object holding the value represented by the string argument
      Throws:
      NumberFormatException - If the String does not contain a parsable short.
    • describeConstable

      public Optional<DynamicConstantDesc<Short>> describeConstable()
      Returns an Optional containing the nominal descriptor for this instance.
      Specified by:
      describeConstable in interface Constable
      Returns:
      an Optional describing the Short instance
      Since:
      15
    • valueOf

      public static Short valueOf(short s)
      Returns a Short instance representing the specified short value. If a new Short instance is not required, this method should generally be used in preference to the constructor Short(short), as this method is likely to yield significantly better space and time performance by caching frequently requested values. This method will always cache values in the range -128 to 127, inclusive, and may cache other values outside of this range.
      Parameters:
      s - a short value.
      Returns:
      a Short instance representing s.
      Since:
      1.5
    • decode

      public static Short decode(String nm) throws NumberFormatException
      Decodes a String into a Short. Accepts decimal, hexadecimal, and octal numbers given by the following grammar:
      DecodableString:
      Signopt DecimalNumeral
      Signopt 0x HexDigits
      Signopt 0X HexDigits
      Signopt # HexDigits
      Signopt 0 OctalDigits
      Sign:
      -
      +
      DecimalNumeral, HexDigits, and OctalDigits are as defined in section 3.10.1 of The Java Language Specification, except that underscores are not accepted between digits.

      The sequence of characters following an optional sign and/or radix specifier ("0x", "0X", "#", or leading zero) is parsed as by the Short.parseShort method with the indicated radix (10, 16, or 8). This sequence of characters must represent a positive value or a NumberFormatException will be thrown. The result is negated if first character of the specified String is the minus sign. No whitespace characters are permitted in the String.

      Parameters:
      nm - the String to decode.
      Returns:
      a Short object holding the short value represented by nm
      Throws:
      NumberFormatException - if the String does not contain a parsable short.
      See Also:
      parseShort(java.lang.String, int)
    • byteValue

      public byte byteValue()
      Returns the value of this Short as a byte after a narrowing primitive conversion.
      Overrides:
      byteValue in class Number
      Returns:
      the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type byte.
      See Java Language Specification:
      5.1.3 Narrowing Primitive Conversion
    • shortValue

      public short shortValue()
      Returns the value of this Short as a short.
      Overrides:
      shortValue in class Number
      Returns:
      the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type short.
    • intValue

      public int intValue()
      Returns the value of this Short as an int after a widening primitive conversion.
      Specified by:
      intValue in class Number
      Returns:
      the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type int.
      See Java Language Specification:
      5.1.2 Widening Primitive Conversion
    • longValue

      public long longValue()
      Returns the value of this Short as a long after a widening primitive conversion.
      Specified by:
      longValue in class Number
      Returns:
      the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type long.
      See Java Language Specification:
      5.1.2 Widening Primitive Conversion
    • floatValue

      public float floatValue()
      Returns the value of this Short as a float after a widening primitive conversion.
      Specified by:
      floatValue in class Number
      Returns:
      the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type float.
      See Java Language Specification:
      5.1.2 Widening Primitive Conversion
    • doubleValue

      public double doubleValue()
      Returns the value of this Short as a double after a widening primitive conversion.
      Specified by:
      doubleValue in class Number
      Returns:
      the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type double.
      See Java Language Specification:
      5.1.2 Widening Primitive Conversion
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns a String object representing this Short's value. The value is converted to signed decimal representation and returned as a string, exactly as if the short value were given as an argument to the toString(short) method.
      Overrides:
      toString in class Object
      Returns:
      a string representation of the value of this object in base 10.
    • hashCode

      public int hashCode()
      Returns a hash code for this Short; equal to the result of invoking intValue().
      Overrides:
      hashCode in class Object
      Returns:
      a hash code value for this Short
      See Also:
      Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)
    • hashCode

      public static int hashCode(short value)
      Returns a hash code for a short value; compatible with Short.hashCode().
      Parameters:
      value - the value to hash
      Returns:
      a hash code value for a short value.
      Since:
      1.8
    • equals

      public boolean equals(Object obj)
      Compares this object to the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Short object that contains the same short value as this object.
      Overrides:
      equals in class Object
      Parameters:
      obj - the object to compare with
      Returns:
      true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.
      See Also:
      Object.hashCode(), HashMap
    • compareTo

      public int compareTo(Short anotherShort)
      Compares two Short objects numerically.
      Specified by:
      compareTo in interface Comparable<Short>
      Parameters:
      anotherShort - the Short to be compared.
      Returns:
      the value 0 if this Short is equal to the argument Short; a value less than 0 if this Short is numerically less than the argument Short; and a value greater than 0 if this Short is numerically greater than the argument Short (signed comparison).
      Since:
      1.2
    • compare

      public static int compare(short x, short y)
      Compares two short values numerically. The value returned is identical to what would be returned by:
          Short.valueOf(x).compareTo(Short.valueOf(y))
       
      Parameters:
      x - the first short to compare
      y - the second short to compare
      Returns:
      the value 0 if x == y; a value less than 0 if x < y; and a value greater than 0 if x > y
      Since:
      1.7
    • compareUnsigned

      public static int compareUnsigned(short x, short y)
      Compares two short values numerically treating the values as unsigned.
      Parameters:
      x - the first short to compare
      y - the second short to compare
      Returns:
      the value 0 if x == y; a value less than 0 if x < y as unsigned values; and a value greater than 0 if x > y as unsigned values
      Since:
      9
    • reverseBytes

      public static short reverseBytes(short i)
      Returns the value obtained by reversing the order of the bytes in the two's complement representation of the specified short value.
      Parameters:
      i - the value whose bytes are to be reversed
      Returns:
      the value obtained by reversing (or, equivalently, swapping) the bytes in the specified short value.
      Since:
      1.5
    • toUnsignedInt

      public static int toUnsignedInt(short x)
      Converts the argument to an int by an unsigned conversion. In an unsigned conversion to an int, the high-order 16 bits of the int are zero and the low-order 16 bits are equal to the bits of the short argument. Consequently, zero and positive short values are mapped to a numerically equal int value and negative short values are mapped to an int value equal to the input plus 216.
      Parameters:
      x - the value to convert to an unsigned int
      Returns:
      the argument converted to int by an unsigned conversion
      Since:
      1.8
    • toUnsignedLong

      public static long toUnsignedLong(short x)
      Converts the argument to a long by an unsigned conversion. In an unsigned conversion to a long, the high-order 48 bits of the long are zero and the low-order 16 bits are equal to the bits of the short argument. Consequently, zero and positive short values are mapped to a numerically equal long value and negative short values are mapped to a long value equal to the input plus 216.
      Parameters:
      x - the value to convert to an unsigned long
      Returns:
      the argument converted to long by an unsigned conversion
      Since:
      1.8