Module java.desktop

Class ColorModel

java.lang.Object
java.awt.image.ColorModel
All Implemented Interfaces:
Transparency
Direct Known Subclasses:
ComponentColorModel, IndexColorModel, PackedColorModel

public abstract class ColorModel extends Object implements Transparency
The ColorModel abstract class encapsulates the methods for translating a pixel value to color components (for example, red, green, and blue) and an alpha component. In order to render an image to the screen, a printer, or another image, pixel values must be converted to color and alpha components. As arguments to or return values from methods of this class, pixels are represented as 32-bit ints or as arrays of primitive types. The number, order, and interpretation of color components for a ColorModel is specified by its ColorSpace. A ColorModel used with pixel data that does not include alpha information treats all pixels as opaque, which is an alpha value of 1.0.

This ColorModel class supports two representations of pixel values. A pixel value can be a single 32-bit int or an array of primitive types. The Java(tm) Platform 1.0 and 1.1 APIs represented pixels as single byte or single int values. For purposes of the ColorModel class, pixel value arguments were passed as ints. The Java(tm) 2 Platform API introduced additional classes for representing images. With BufferedImage or RenderedImage objects, based on Raster and SampleModel classes, pixel values might not be conveniently representable as a single int. Consequently, ColorModel now has methods that accept pixel values represented as arrays of primitive types. The primitive type used by a particular ColorModel object is called its transfer type.

ColorModel objects used with images for which pixel values are not conveniently representable as a single int throw an IllegalArgumentException when methods taking a single int pixel argument are called. Subclasses of ColorModel must specify the conditions under which this occurs. This does not occur with DirectColorModel or IndexColorModel objects.

Currently, the transfer types supported by the Java 2D(tm) API are DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, DataBuffer.TYPE_INT, DataBuffer.TYPE_SHORT, DataBuffer.TYPE_FLOAT, and DataBuffer.TYPE_DOUBLE. Most rendering operations will perform much faster when using ColorModels and images based on the first three of these types. In addition, some image filtering operations are not supported for ColorModels and images based on the latter three types. The transfer type for a particular ColorModel object is specified when the object is created, either explicitly or by default. All subclasses of ColorModel must specify what the possible transfer types are and how the number of elements in the primitive arrays representing pixels is determined.

For BufferedImages, the transfer type of its Raster and of the Raster object's SampleModel (available from the getTransferType methods of these classes) must match that of the ColorModel. The number of elements in an array representing a pixel for the Raster and SampleModel (available from the getNumDataElements methods of these classes) must match that of the ColorModel.

The algorithm used to convert from pixel values to color and alpha components varies by subclass. For example, there is not necessarily a one-to-one correspondence between samples obtained from the SampleModel of a BufferedImage object's Raster and color/alpha components. Even when there is such a correspondence, the number of bits in a sample is not necessarily the same as the number of bits in the corresponding color/alpha component. Each subclass must specify how the translation from pixel values to color/alpha components is done.

Methods in the ColorModel class use two different representations of color and alpha components - a normalized form and an unnormalized form. In the normalized form, each component is a float value between some minimum and maximum values. For the alpha component, the minimum is 0.0 and the maximum is 1.0. For color components the minimum and maximum values for each component can be obtained from the ColorSpace object. These values will often be 0.0 and 1.0 (e.g. normalized component values for the default sRGB color space range from 0.0 to 1.0), but some color spaces have component values with different upper and lower limits. These limits can be obtained using the getMinValue and getMaxValue methods of the ColorSpace class. Normalized color component values are not premultiplied. All ColorModels must support the normalized form.

In the unnormalized form, each component is an unsigned integral value between 0 and 2n - 1, where n is the number of significant bits for a particular component. If pixel values for a particular ColorModel represent color samples premultiplied by the alpha sample, unnormalized color component values are also premultiplied. The unnormalized form is used only with instances of ColorModel whose ColorSpace has minimum component values of 0.0 for all components and maximum values of 1.0 for all components. The unnormalized form for color and alpha components can be a convenient representation for ColorModels whose normalized component values all lie between 0.0 and 1.0. In such cases the integral value 0 maps to 0.0 and the value 2n - 1 maps to 1.0. In other cases, such as when the normalized component values can be either negative or positive, the unnormalized form is not convenient. Such ColorModel objects throw an IllegalArgumentException when methods involving an unnormalized argument are called. Subclasses of ColorModel must specify the conditions under which this occurs.

See Also:
IndexColorModel, ComponentColorModel, PackedColorModel, DirectColorModel, Image, BufferedImage, RenderedImage, ColorSpace, SampleModel, Raster, DataBuffer
  • Field Summary

    Fields
    Modifier and Type
    Field
    Description
    protected int
    The total number of bits in the pixel.
    protected int
    Data type of the array used to represent pixel values.

    Fields declared in interface java.awt.Transparency

    BITMASK, OPAQUE, TRANSLUCENT
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Modifier
    Constructor
    Description
     
    ColorModel​(int bits)
    Constructs a ColorModel that translates pixels of the specified number of bits to color/alpha components.
    protected
    ColorModel​(int pixel_bits, int[] bits, ColorSpace cspace, boolean hasAlpha, boolean isAlphaPremultiplied, int transparency, int transferType)
    Constructs a ColorModel that translates pixel values to color/alpha components.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type
    Method
    Description
    coerceData​(WritableRaster raster, boolean isAlphaPremultiplied)
    Forces the raster data to match the state specified in the isAlphaPremultiplied variable, assuming the data is currently correctly described by this ColorModel.
    createCompatibleSampleModel​(int w, int h)
    Creates a SampleModel with the specified width and height that has a data layout compatible with this ColorModel.
    Creates a WritableRaster with the specified width and height that has a data layout (SampleModel) compatible with this ColorModel.
    boolean
    equals​(Object obj)
    This method simply delegates to the default implementation in Object which is identical to an == test since this class cannot enforce the issues of a proper equality test among multiple independent subclass branches.
    void
    Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
    The finalize method has been deprecated.
    abstract int
    getAlpha​(int pixel)
    Returns the alpha component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255.
    int
    getAlpha​(Object inData)
    Returns the alpha component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255.
    Returns a Raster representing the alpha channel of an image, extracted from the input Raster, provided that pixel values of this ColorModel represent color and alpha information as separate spatial bands (e.g.
    abstract int
    getBlue​(int pixel)
    Returns the blue color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB.
    int
    getBlue​(Object inData)
    Returns the blue color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB.
    Returns the ColorSpace associated with this ColorModel.
    int[]
    getComponents​(int pixel, int[] components, int offset)
    Returns an array of unnormalized color/alpha components given a pixel in this ColorModel.
    int[]
    getComponents​(Object pixel, int[] components, int offset)
    Returns an array of unnormalized color/alpha components given a pixel in this ColorModel.
    int[]
    Returns an array of the number of bits per color/alpha component.
    int
    getComponentSize​(int componentIdx)
    Returns the number of bits for the specified color/alpha component.
    int
    getDataElement​(float[] normComponents, int normOffset)
    Returns a pixel value represented as an int in this ColorModel, given an array of normalized color/alpha components.
    int
    getDataElement​(int[] components, int offset)
    Returns a pixel value represented as an int in this ColorModel, given an array of unnormalized color/alpha components.
    getDataElements​(float[] normComponents, int normOffset, Object obj)
    Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an array of normalized color/alpha components.
    getDataElements​(int[] components, int offset, Object obj)
    Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an array of unnormalized color/alpha components.
    getDataElements​(int rgb, Object pixel)
    Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an integer pixel representation in the default RGB color model.
    abstract int
    getGreen​(int pixel)
    Returns the green color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB.
    int
    getGreen​(Object inData)
    Returns the green color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB.
    float[]
    getNormalizedComponents​(int[] components, int offset, float[] normComponents, int normOffset)
    Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in normalized form, given an unnormalized component array.
    float[]
    getNormalizedComponents​(Object pixel, float[] normComponents, int normOffset)
    Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in normalized form, given a pixel in this ColorModel.
    int
    Returns the number of color components in this ColorModel.
    int
    Returns the number of components, including alpha, in this ColorModel.
    int
    Returns the number of bits per pixel described by this ColorModel.
    abstract int
    getRed​(int pixel)
    Returns the red color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB.
    int
    getRed​(Object inData)
    Returns the red color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB.
    int
    getRGB​(int pixel)
    Returns the color/alpha components of the pixel in the default RGB color model format.
    int
    getRGB​(Object inData)
    Returns the color/alpha components for the specified pixel in the default RGB color model format.
    static ColorModel
    Returns a DirectColorModel that describes the default format for integer RGB values used in many of the methods in the AWT image interfaces for the convenience of the programmer.
    final int
    Returns the transfer type of this ColorModel.
    int
    Returns the transparency.
    int[]
    getUnnormalizedComponents​(float[] normComponents, int normOffset, int[] components, int offset)
    Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in unnormalized form, given a normalized component array.
    final boolean
    Returns whether or not alpha is supported in this ColorModel.
    int
    This method simply delegates to the default implementation in Object which returns the system ID for the class.
    final boolean
    Returns whether or not the alpha has been premultiplied in the pixel values to be translated by this ColorModel.
    boolean
    Returns true if raster is compatible with this ColorModel and false if it is not.
    boolean
    Checks if the SampleModel is compatible with this ColorModel.
    Returns the String representation of the contents of this ColorModel object.

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
  • Field Details

    • pixel_bits

      protected int pixel_bits
      The total number of bits in the pixel.
    • transferType

      protected int transferType
      Data type of the array used to represent pixel values.
  • Constructor Details

    • ColorModel

      public ColorModel(int bits)
      Constructs a ColorModel that translates pixels of the specified number of bits to color/alpha components. The color space is the default RGB ColorSpace, which is sRGB. Pixel values are assumed to include alpha information. If color and alpha information are represented in the pixel value as separate spatial bands, the color bands are assumed not to be premultiplied with the alpha value. The transparency type is java.awt.Transparency.TRANSLUCENT. The transfer type will be the smallest of DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT that can hold a single pixel (or DataBuffer.TYPE_UNDEFINED if bits is greater than 32). Since this constructor has no information about the number of bits per color and alpha component, any subclass calling this constructor should override any method that requires this information.
      Parameters:
      bits - the number of bits of a pixel
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the number of bits in bits is less than 1
    • ColorModel

      protected ColorModel(int pixel_bits, int[] bits, ColorSpace cspace, boolean hasAlpha, boolean isAlphaPremultiplied, int transparency, int transferType)
      Constructs a ColorModel that translates pixel values to color/alpha components. Color components will be in the specified ColorSpace. pixel_bits is the number of bits in the pixel values. The bits array specifies the number of significant bits per color and alpha component. Its length should be the number of components in the ColorSpace if there is no alpha information in the pixel values, or one more than this number if there is alpha information. hasAlpha indicates whether or not alpha information is present. The boolean isAlphaPremultiplied specifies how to interpret pixel values in which color and alpha information are represented as separate spatial bands. If the boolean is true, color samples are assumed to have been multiplied by the alpha sample. The transparency specifies what alpha values can be represented by this color model. The transfer type is the type of primitive array used to represent pixel values. Note that the bits array contains the number of significant bits per color/alpha component after the translation from pixel values. For example, for an IndexColorModel with pixel_bits equal to 16, the bits array might have four elements with each element set to 8.
      Parameters:
      pixel_bits - the number of bits in the pixel values
      bits - array that specifies the number of significant bits per color and alpha component
      cspace - the specified ColorSpace
      hasAlpha - true if alpha information is present; false otherwise
      isAlphaPremultiplied - true if color samples are assumed to be premultiplied by the alpha samples; false otherwise
      transparency - what alpha values can be represented by this color model
      transferType - the type of the array used to represent pixel values
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the length of the bit array is less than the number of color or alpha components in this ColorModel, or if the transparency is not a valid value.
      IllegalArgumentException - if the sum of the number of bits in bits is less than 1 or if any of the elements in bits is less than 0.
      See Also:
      Transparency
  • Method Details

    • getRGBdefault

      public static ColorModel getRGBdefault()
      Returns a DirectColorModel that describes the default format for integer RGB values used in many of the methods in the AWT image interfaces for the convenience of the programmer. The color space is the default ColorSpace, sRGB. The format for the RGB values is an integer with 8 bits each of alpha, red, green, and blue color components ordered correspondingly from the most significant byte to the least significant byte, as in: 0xAARRGGBB. Color components are not premultiplied by the alpha component. This format does not necessarily represent the native or the most efficient ColorModel for a particular device or for all images. It is merely used as a common color model format.
      Returns:
      a DirectColorModel object describing default RGB values.
    • hasAlpha

      public final boolean hasAlpha()
      Returns whether or not alpha is supported in this ColorModel.
      Returns:
      true if alpha is supported in this ColorModel; false otherwise.
    • isAlphaPremultiplied

      public final boolean isAlphaPremultiplied()
      Returns whether or not the alpha has been premultiplied in the pixel values to be translated by this ColorModel. If the boolean is true, this ColorModel is to be used to interpret pixel values in which color and alpha information are represented as separate spatial bands, and color samples are assumed to have been multiplied by the alpha sample.
      Returns:
      true if the alpha values are premultiplied in the pixel values to be translated by this ColorModel; false otherwise.
    • getTransferType

      public final int getTransferType()
      Returns the transfer type of this ColorModel. The transfer type is the type of primitive array used to represent pixel values as arrays.
      Returns:
      the transfer type.
      Since:
      1.3
    • getPixelSize

      public int getPixelSize()
      Returns the number of bits per pixel described by this ColorModel.
      Returns:
      the number of bits per pixel.
    • getComponentSize

      public int getComponentSize(int componentIdx)
      Returns the number of bits for the specified color/alpha component. Color components are indexed in the order specified by the ColorSpace. Typically, this order reflects the name of the color space type. For example, for TYPE_RGB, index 0 corresponds to red, index 1 to green, and index 2 to blue. If this ColorModel supports alpha, the alpha component corresponds to the index following the last color component.
      Parameters:
      componentIdx - the index of the color/alpha component
      Returns:
      the number of bits for the color/alpha component at the specified index.
      Throws:
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if componentIdx is greater than the number of components or less than zero
      NullPointerException - if the number of bits array is null
    • getComponentSize

      public int[] getComponentSize()
      Returns an array of the number of bits per color/alpha component. The array contains the color components in the order specified by the ColorSpace, followed by the alpha component, if present.
      Returns:
      an array of the number of bits per color/alpha component
    • getTransparency

      public int getTransparency()
      Returns the transparency. Returns either OPAQUE, BITMASK, or TRANSLUCENT.
      Specified by:
      getTransparency in interface Transparency
      Returns:
      the transparency of this ColorModel.
      See Also:
      Transparency.OPAQUE, Transparency.BITMASK, Transparency.TRANSLUCENT
    • getNumComponents

      public int getNumComponents()
      Returns the number of components, including alpha, in this ColorModel. This is equal to the number of color components, optionally plus one, if there is an alpha component.
      Returns:
      the number of components in this ColorModel
    • getNumColorComponents

      public int getNumColorComponents()
      Returns the number of color components in this ColorModel. This is the number of components returned by ColorSpace.getNumComponents().
      Returns:
      the number of color components in this ColorModel.
      See Also:
      ColorSpace.getNumComponents()
    • getRed

      public abstract int getRed(int pixel)
      Returns the red color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is not a pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the red value is 0.
      Parameters:
      pixel - a specified pixel
      Returns:
      the value of the red component of the specified pixel.
    • getGreen

      public abstract int getGreen(int pixel)
      Returns the green color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the green value is 0.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      the value of the green component of the specified pixel.
    • getBlue

      public abstract int getBlue(int pixel)
      Returns the blue color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value, for example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the blue value is 0.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      the value of the blue component of the specified pixel.
    • getAlpha

      public abstract int getAlpha(int pixel)
      Returns the alpha component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      the value of alpha component of the specified pixel.
    • getRGB

      public int getRGB(int pixel)
      Returns the color/alpha components of the pixel in the default RGB color model format. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is in a non pre-multiplied format. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out of the color components. If the alpha value is 0, the color values are 0.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      the RGB value of the color/alpha components of the specified pixel.
      See Also:
      getRGBdefault()
    • getRed

      public int getRed(Object inData)
      Returns the red color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the red value is 0. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
      Parameters:
      inData - an array of pixel values
      Returns:
      the value of the red component of the specified pixel.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if inData is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this transferType is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getGreen

      public int getGreen(Object inData)
      Returns the green color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. The returned value will be a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the green value is 0. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
      Parameters:
      inData - an array of pixel values
      Returns:
      the value of the green component of the specified pixel.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if inData is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this transferType is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getBlue

      public int getBlue(Object inData)
      Returns the blue color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the blue value will be 0. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
      Parameters:
      inData - an array of pixel values
      Returns:
      the value of the blue component of the specified pixel.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if inData is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this transferType is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getAlpha

      public int getAlpha(Object inData)
      Returns the alpha component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
      Parameters:
      inData - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      the alpha component of the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if inData is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this tranferType is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getRGB

      public int getRGB(Object inData)
      Returns the color/alpha components for the specified pixel in the default RGB color model format. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. The returned value will be in a non pre-multiplied format, i.e. if the alpha is premultiplied, this method will divide it out of the color components (if the alpha value is 0, the color values will be 0).
      Parameters:
      inData - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      the color and alpha components of the specified pixel.
      See Also:
      getRGBdefault()
    • getDataElements

      public Object getDataElements(int rgb, Object pixel)
      Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an integer pixel representation in the default RGB color model. This array can then be passed to the WritableRaster.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object) method of a WritableRaster object. If the pixel variable is null, a new array will be allocated. If pixel is not null, it must be a primitive array of type transferType; otherwise, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. The pixel array is returned. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      rgb - the integer pixel representation in the default RGB color model
      pixel - the specified pixel
      Returns:
      an array representation of the specified pixel in this ColorModel.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if pixel is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
      See Also:
      WritableRaster.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object), SampleModel.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object, java.awt.image.DataBuffer)
    • getComponents

      public int[] getComponents(int pixel, int[] components, int offset)
      Returns an array of unnormalized color/alpha components given a pixel in this ColorModel. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int or if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. For example, this method can be used to retrieve the components for a specific pixel value in a DirectColorModel. If the components array is null, a new array will be allocated. The components array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the components array starting at offset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      components - the array to receive the color and alpha components of the specified pixel
      offset - the offset into the components array at which to start storing the color and alpha components
      Returns:
      an array containing the color and alpha components of the specified pixel starting at the specified offset.
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getComponents

      public int[] getComponents(Object pixel, int[] components, int offset)
      Returns an array of unnormalized color/alpha components given a pixel in this ColorModel. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If pixel is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. This method can be used to retrieve the components for a specific pixel value in any ColorModel. If the components array is null, a new array will be allocated. The components array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the components array starting at offset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      components - an array that receives the color and alpha components of the specified pixel
      offset - the index into the components array at which to begin storing the color and alpha components of the specified pixel
      Returns:
      an array containing the color and alpha components of the specified pixel starting at the specified offset.
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getUnnormalizedComponents

      public int[] getUnnormalizedComponents(float[] normComponents, int normOffset, int[] components, int offset)
      Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in unnormalized form, given a normalized component array. Unnormalized components are unsigned integral values between 0 and 2n - 1, where n is the number of bits for a particular component. Normalized components are float values between a per component minimum and maximum specified by the ColorSpace object for this ColorModel. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. If the components array is null, a new array will be allocated. The components array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the components array starting at offset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components starting at normOffset.
      Parameters:
      normComponents - an array containing normalized components
      normOffset - the offset into the normComponents array at which to start retrieving normalized components
      components - an array that receives the components from normComponents
      offset - the index into components at which to begin storing normalized components from normComponents
      Returns:
      an array containing unnormalized color and alpha components.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - If the component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form.
      IllegalArgumentException - if the length of normComponents minus normOffset is less than numComponents
      UnsupportedOperationException - if the constructor of this ColorModel called the super(bits) constructor, but did not override this method. See the constructor, ColorModel(int).
    • getNormalizedComponents

      public float[] getNormalizedComponents(int[] components, int offset, float[] normComponents, int normOffset)
      Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in normalized form, given an unnormalized component array. Unnormalized components are unsigned integral values between 0 and 2n - 1, where n is the number of bits for a particular component. Normalized components are float values between a per component minimum and maximum specified by the ColorSpace object for this ColorModel. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. If the normComponents array is null, a new array will be allocated. The normComponents array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the normComponents array starting at normOffset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the components array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components starting at offset.

      Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class assumes that component values for this class are conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. Therefore, subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.

      Parameters:
      components - an array containing unnormalized components
      offset - the offset into the components array at which to start retrieving unnormalized components
      normComponents - an array that receives the normalized components
      normOffset - the index into normComponents at which to begin storing normalized components
      Returns:
      an array containing normalized color and alpha components.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - If the component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form.
      UnsupportedOperationException - if the constructor of this ColorModel called the super(bits) constructor, but did not override this method. See the constructor, ColorModel(int).
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is unable to determine the number of bits per component
    • getDataElement

      public int getDataElement(int[] components, int offset)
      Returns a pixel value represented as an int in this ColorModel, given an array of unnormalized color/alpha components. This method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int or if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      components - an array of unnormalized color and alpha components
      offset - the index into components at which to begin retrieving the color and alpha components
      Returns:
      an int pixel value in this ColorModel corresponding to the specified components.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int
      IllegalArgumentException - if component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if the components array is not large enough to hold all of the color and alpha components starting at offset
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
    • getDataElements

      public Object getDataElements(int[] components, int offset, Object obj)
      Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an array of unnormalized color/alpha components. This array can then be passed to the setDataElements method of a WritableRaster object. This method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). If the obj variable is null, a new array will be allocated. If obj is not null, it must be a primitive array of type transferType; otherwise, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if obj is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      components - an array of unnormalized color and alpha components
      offset - the index into components at which to begin retrieving color and alpha components
      obj - the Object representing an array of color and alpha components
      Returns:
      an Object representing an array of color and alpha components.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if obj is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if obj is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel or the components array is not large enough to hold all of the color and alpha components starting at offset
      IllegalArgumentException - if component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
      See Also:
      WritableRaster.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object), SampleModel.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object, java.awt.image.DataBuffer)
    • getDataElement

      public int getDataElement(float[] normComponents, int normOffset)
      Returns a pixel value represented as an int in this ColorModel, given an array of normalized color/alpha components. This method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class first converts from the normalized form to the unnormalized form and then calls getDataElement(int[], int). Subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.
      Parameters:
      normComponents - an array of normalized color and alpha components
      normOffset - the index into normComponents at which to begin retrieving the color and alpha components
      Returns:
      an int pixel value in this ColorModel corresponding to the specified components.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all of the color and alpha components starting at normOffset
      Since:
      1.4
    • getDataElements

      public Object getDataElements(float[] normComponents, int normOffset, Object obj)
      Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an array of normalized color/alpha components. This array can then be passed to the setDataElements method of a WritableRaster object. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). If the obj variable is null, a new array will be allocated. If obj is not null, it must be a primitive array of type transferType; otherwise, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if obj is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class first converts from the normalized form to the unnormalized form and then calls getDataElement(int[], int, Object). Subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.
      Parameters:
      normComponents - an array of normalized color and alpha components
      normOffset - the index into normComponents at which to begin retrieving color and alpha components
      obj - a primitive data array to hold the returned pixel
      Returns:
      an Object which is a primitive data array representation of a pixel
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if obj is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if obj is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel or the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all of the color and alpha components starting at normOffset
      Since:
      1.4
      See Also:
      WritableRaster.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object), SampleModel.setDataElements(int, int, java.lang.Object, java.awt.image.DataBuffer)
    • getNormalizedComponents

      public float[] getNormalizedComponents(Object pixel, float[] normComponents, int normOffset)
      Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in normalized form, given a pixel in this ColorModel. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If pixel is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. Normalized components are float values between a per component minimum and maximum specified by the ColorSpace object for this ColorModel. If the normComponents array is null, a new array will be allocated. The normComponents array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the normComponents array starting at normOffset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class first retrieves color and alpha components in the unnormalized form using getComponents(Object, int[], int) and then calls getNormalizedComponents(int[], int, float[], int). Subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.
      Parameters:
      pixel - the specified pixel
      normComponents - an array to receive the normalized components
      normOffset - the offset into the normComponents array at which to start storing normalized components
      Returns:
      an array containing normalized color and alpha components.
      Throws:
      ClassCastException - if pixel is not a primitive array of type transferType
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if normComponents is not large enough to hold all color and alpha components starting at normOffset
      ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException - if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel.
      UnsupportedOperationException - if the constructor of this ColorModel called the super(bits) constructor, but did not override this method. See the constructor, ColorModel(int).
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is unable to determine the number of bits per component
      Since:
      1.4
    • equals

      public boolean equals(Object obj)
      This method simply delegates to the default implementation in Object which is identical to an == test since this class cannot enforce the issues of a proper equality test among multiple independent subclass branches. Subclasses are encouraged to override this method and provide equality testing for their own properties in addition to equality tests for the following common base properties of ColorModel:
      • Support for alpha component.
      • Is alpha premultiplied.
      • Number of bits per pixel.
      • Type of transparency like Opaque, Bitmask or Translucent.
      • Number of components in a pixel.
      • ColorSpace type.
      • Type of the array used to represent pixel values.
      • Number of significant bits per color and alpha component.
      Overrides:
      equals in class Object
      Parameters:
      obj - the reference object with which to compare.
      Returns:
      true if this object is the same as the obj argument; false otherwise.
      See Also:
      Object.hashCode(), HashMap
    • hashCode

      public int hashCode()
      This method simply delegates to the default implementation in Object which returns the system ID for the class. Subclasses are encouraged to override this method and provide a hash for their own properties in addition to hashing the values of the following common base properties of ColorModel:
      • Support for alpha component.
      • Is alpha premultiplied.
      • Number of bits per pixel.
      • Type of transparency like Opaque, Bitmask or Translucent.
      • Number of components in a pixel.
      • ColorSpace type.
      • Type of the array used to represent pixel values.
      • Number of significant bits per color and alpha component.
      Overrides:
      hashCode in class Object
      Returns:
      a hash code value for this object.
      See Also:
      Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)
    • getColorSpace

      public final ColorSpace getColorSpace()
      Returns the ColorSpace associated with this ColorModel.
      Returns:
      the ColorSpace of this ColorModel.
    • coerceData

      public ColorModel coerceData(WritableRaster raster, boolean isAlphaPremultiplied)
      Forces the raster data to match the state specified in the isAlphaPremultiplied variable, assuming the data is currently correctly described by this ColorModel. It may multiply or divide the color raster data by alpha, or do nothing if the data is in the correct state. If the data needs to be coerced, this method will also return an instance of this ColorModel with the isAlphaPremultiplied flag set appropriately. This method will throw a UnsupportedOperationException if it is not supported by this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      raster - the WritableRaster data
      isAlphaPremultiplied - true if the alpha is premultiplied; false otherwise
      Returns:
      a ColorModel object that represents the coerced data.
    • isCompatibleRaster

      public boolean isCompatibleRaster(Raster raster)
      Returns true if raster is compatible with this ColorModel and false if it is not. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      raster - the Raster object to test for compatibility
      Returns:
      true if raster is compatible with this ColorModel.
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method has not been implemented for this ColorModel
    • createCompatibleWritableRaster

      public WritableRaster createCompatibleWritableRaster(int w, int h)
      Creates a WritableRaster with the specified width and height that has a data layout (SampleModel) compatible with this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      w - the width to apply to the new WritableRaster
      h - the height to apply to the new WritableRaster
      Returns:
      a WritableRaster object with the specified width and height.
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
      See Also:
      WritableRaster, SampleModel
    • createCompatibleSampleModel

      public SampleModel createCompatibleSampleModel(int w, int h)
      Creates a SampleModel with the specified width and height that has a data layout compatible with this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      w - the width to apply to the new SampleModel
      h - the height to apply to the new SampleModel
      Returns:
      a SampleModel object with the specified width and height.
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
      See Also:
      SampleModel
    • isCompatibleSampleModel

      public boolean isCompatibleSampleModel(SampleModel sm)
      Checks if the SampleModel is compatible with this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
      Parameters:
      sm - the specified SampleModel
      Returns:
      true if the specified SampleModel is compatible with this ColorModel; false otherwise.
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if this method is not supported by this ColorModel
      See Also:
      SampleModel
    • finalize

      @Deprecated(since="9", forRemoval=true) public void finalize()
      Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
      The finalize method has been deprecated. Subclasses that override finalize in order to perform cleanup should be modified to use alternative cleanup mechanisms and to remove the overriding finalize method. When overriding the finalize method, its implementation must explicitly ensure that super.finalize() is invoked as described in Object.finalize(). See the specification for Object.finalize() for further information about migration options.
      Disposes of system resources associated with this ColorModel once this ColorModel is no longer referenced.
      Overrides:
      finalize in class Object
      See Also:
      WeakReference, PhantomReference
    • getAlphaRaster

      public WritableRaster getAlphaRaster(WritableRaster raster)
      Returns a Raster representing the alpha channel of an image, extracted from the input Raster, provided that pixel values of this ColorModel represent color and alpha information as separate spatial bands (e.g. ComponentColorModel and DirectColorModel). This method assumes that Raster objects associated with such a ColorModel store the alpha band, if present, as the last band of image data. Returns null if there is no separate spatial alpha channel associated with this ColorModel. If this is an IndexColorModel which has alpha in the lookup table, this method will return null since there is no spatially discrete alpha channel. This method will create a new Raster (but will share the data array). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method to get any behavior other than returning null because the implementation in this abstract class returns null.
      Parameters:
      raster - the specified Raster
      Returns:
      a Raster representing the alpha channel of an image, obtained from the specified Raster.
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns the String representation of the contents of this ColorModel object.
      Overrides:
      toString in class Object
      Returns:
      a String representing the contents of this ColorModel object.