Provides the definition of the monitor classes. A Monitor is
an MBean that periodically observes the value of an attribute in
one or more other MBeans. If the attribute meets a certain
condition, the Monitor emits a
MonitorNotification. When the monitor MBean periodically calls
to retrieve the value of the attribute being monitored it does
so within the access control context of the
The value being monitored can be a simple value
contained within a complex type. For example, the
MemoryMXBean defined in
java.lang.management has an attribute
HeapMemoryUsage of type
MemoryUsage. To monitor the
amount of used memory, described by the
MemoryUsage, you could monitor
HeapMemoryUsage.used". That string would be the
The rules used to interpret an
"HeapMemoryUsage.used" are as follows. Suppose the string is
A.e (so A would be
"HeapMemoryUsage" and e
"used" in the example).
First the value of the attribute A is obtained. Call it v. A value x is extracted from v as follows:
- If v is a
CompositeDataand if v.
get(e) returns a value then x is that value.
- If v is an array and e is the string
"length"then x is the length of the array.
- If the above rules do not produce a value, and if introspection, as
if by calling
Introspector.getBeanInfo, for the class of v (v.
getClass()) identifies a property with the name e, then x is the result of reading the property value.
The third rule means for example that if the attribute
HeapMemoryUsage is a
"HeapMemoryUsage.used" will obtain the observed value by
ObservedAttribute contains more than one period,
"ConnectionPool.connectionStats.length", then the
above rules are applied iteratively. Here, v would initially be
the value of the attribute
ConnectionPool, and x would
be derived by applying the above rules with e equal to
"connectionStats". Then v would be set to this x
and a new x derived by applying the rules again with e
Although it is recommended that attribute names be valid Java
identifiers, it is possible for an attribute to be called
HeapMemoryUsage.used. This means that an
ObservedAttribute that is
could mean that the value to observe is either an attribute of that
name, or the property
used within an attribute called
HeapMemoryUsage. So for compatibility reasons, when the
ObservedAttribute contains a period (
.), the monitor
will check whether an attribute exists whose name is the full
ObservedAttribute string (
HeapMemoryUsage.used in the
example). It does this by calling
getMBeanInfo for the observed MBean and looking for a contained
MBeanAttributeInfo with the given
name. If one is found, then that is what is monitored. If more than one
MBean is being observed, the behavior is unspecified if some of them have
HeapMemoryUsage.used attribute and others do not. An
implementation may therefore call
getMBeanInfo on just one of
the MBeans in this case. The behavior is also unspecified if the result
of the check changes while the monitor is active.
The exact behavior of monitors is detailed in the JMX Specification. What follows is a summary.
There are three kinds of Monitors:
CounterMonitorobserves attributes of integer type. The attributes are assumed to be non-negative, and monotonically increasing except for a possible roll-over at a specified modulus. Each observed attribute has an associated threshold value. A notification is sent when the attribute exceeds its threshold.
An offset value can be specified. When an observed value exceeds its threshold, the threshold is incremented by the offset, or by a multiple of the offset sufficient to make the threshold greater than the new observed value.
CounterMonitorcan operate in difference mode. In this mode, the value compared against the threshold is the difference between two successive observations of an attribute.
GaugeMonitorobserves attributes of numerical type. Each observed attribute has an associated high threshold and low threshold.
When an observed attribute crosses the high threshold, if the notify high flag is true, then a notification is sent. Subsequent crossings of the high threshold value will not trigger further notifications until the gauge value becomes less than or equal to the low threshold.
When an observed attribute crosses the low threshold, if the notify low flag is true, then a notification is sent. Subsequent crossings of the low threshold value will not trigger further notifications until the gauge value becomes greater than or equal to the high threshold.
Typically, only one of the notify high and notify low flags is set. The other threshold is used to provide a hysteresis mechanism to avoid the repeated triggering of notifications when an attribute makes small oscillations around the threshold value.
GaugeMonitorcan operate in difference mode. In this mode, the value compared against the high and low thresholds is the difference between two successive observations of an attribute.
StringMonitorobserves attributes of type
String. A notification is sent when an observed attribute becomes equal and/or not equal to a given string.
- See Also:
ClassDescriptionDefines a monitor MBean designed to observe the values of a counter attribute.Exposes the remote management interface of the counter monitor MBean.Defines a monitor MBean designed to observe the values of a gauge attribute.Exposes the remote management interface of the gauge monitor MBean.Defines the part common to all monitor MBeans.Exposes the remote management interface of monitor MBeans.Provides definitions of the notifications sent by monitor MBeans.Exception thrown by the monitor when a monitor setting becomes invalid while the monitor is running.Defines a monitor MBean designed to observe the values of a string attribute.Exposes the remote management interface of the string monitor MBean.